Tuesday, May 21, 2013
Monday, May 20, 2013
Morphological Typology (illustrations from SpecGram)
Descriptions adapted from The Lingua File:
Analytic languages: also known as isolating languages because they’re composed of isolated, or free, morphemes. Free morphemes can be words on their own, such as cat or happy. Languages that are purely analytic in structure don’t use any prefixes or suffixes, ever. However, it’s rare to find a language that is purely analytic or synthetic since most languages have characteristics of both. Morphological typology is like a spectrum in which languages fit in somewhere from analytic to polysynthetic (a subtype of synthetic languages we’ll get to in a moment).
and Vietnamese are good examples of analytic languages. […] English
, on the other hand, is one of the most analytic Indo-European languages, but is still usually classified as a synthetic language. […]
Types of synthetic language (i.e. languages that have prefixes/suffixes):
With these languages, morphemes within words are usually clearly recognizable in a way that makes it easy to tell where the morpheme boundaries are. Their affixes usually only have a single meaning. Turkish
, Hungarian, Japanese
, and Finnish are all in this group.
Similar to agglutinating languages, except that the morpheme boundaries are much more difficult to discern. Affixes are often fused with the stems, and can have multiple meanings. A prime example of a fusional language is Spanish
, especially when it comes to verbs. In the wordhablo
”I speak”, the -o
morpheme tells us that we’re dealing with a subject that is singular, first person, and in the present tense. It’s difficult to find a morpheme that means “speak”, however, since habl-
is not a morpheme. Fusional languages can be tricky!
Polysynthetic Languages: These languages are undoubtedly some of the most difficult to learn. They often have verbs that can express the entirety of a typical sentence in English, which they do by incorporating nouns into verbs forms. For example, the Sora language of India has one word that means “I will catch a tiger”. Many Native American languages are polysynthetic.
word to everyone’s mothers
Prince Gumball’s path to the throne was brutal. Fionna wasn’t around during the Sugar Wars; Gumball distracts her by acting super bland and wearing disco pants.
Marshall Lee knows the truth, but as Chaotic Neutral, he just can’t bring himself to give a shit.
ETA: Nhyworks just gave me the amazing pun ‘Game of Scones.’ Brb dying ok.
gaaaaaaaaaaaaame of scooooooooooooooooones
I wanna cosplay Roxy but I feel like my face is the wrong… shape
Sunday, May 19, 2013
posted on twitter yesterday but haven’t had good light to take a better once since
family emergency, going off twitter/tumblr for a time. email me.
Saturday, May 18, 2013
NEW RAVENCLAW COMMON ROOM ART ON POTTERMORE.
hey ravenclaws fair warning I am going to sneak into your common room all the goddamn time